In android you check the list of all the supported sensors in your device by two ways.
Visit the playstore and install the “Sensor Test” Application. When you open the sensor test application, it will show you all the list of sensors and how you can test those.
You can install lot of other applications to test individual sensors such as “Gyroscope Test” , “Accelerator Test”.
You can also use the dumpsys command using adb to get all the technical information for the list of all sensors.
$ adb shell dumpsys sensorservice