Linux is an Operating System that is open source in nature and free to use. It was first released by Linus Torvalds in September 1991.
It is core software that manages all the software and hardware communications. Linux is a reliable, secure, and widely documented Operating System. It has a huge online community for support and development of Linux.
These are the various available options to choose from if you choose to work with Linux. These include Ubuntu, Debian, Linux Mint, Fedora, Elementary OS, etc.
The main job of the operating system is to transfer information from software to hardware and vice-versa. Linux does that with the help of Kernel, System Library, and System Utility.
The kernel is the core component of Linux. It manages all the communication from the software to the hardware.
System Libraries help the user to call special features of the Kernel.
System Utilities are used to pinpoint single-level functions.
Features of Linux:
- Open source in nature.
- It is a multi-user operating system.
- Linux provides security by providing password protection, encryption, and access control.
- It has a standard Hierarchical File system.
- Linux has a Graphical User Interface or Command Line Interface.