Perf is a profiler tool for Linux 2.6+ based systems that abstracts away CPU hardware differences in Linux performance measurements and presents a simple commandline interface. The documentation for perf inside kernel is available at “linux_kernel_src/tools/perf/Documentation”
$ sudo apt install linux-tools-common linux-tools-`uname -r`
$ perf --help
usage: perf [--version] [--help] [OPTIONS] COMMAND [ARGS]
The most commonly used perf commands are:
annotate Read perf.data (created by perf record) and display annotated code
archive Create archive with object files with build-ids found in perf.data file
bench General framework for benchmark suites
buildid-cache Manage build-id cache.
buildid-list List the buildids in a perf.data file
data Data file related processing
diff Read perf.data files and display the differential profile
evlist List the event names in a perf.data file
inject Filter to augment the events stream with additional information
kmem Tool to trace/measure kernel memory properties
kvm Tool to trace/measure kvm guest os
list List all symbolic event types
lock Analyze lock events
mem Profile memory accesses
record Run a command and record its profile into perf.data
report Read perf.data (created by perf record) and display the profile
sched Tool to trace/measure scheduler properties (latencies)
script Read perf.data (created by perf record) and display trace output
stat Run a command and gather performance counter statistics
test Runs sanity tests.
timechart Tool to visualize total system behavior during a workload
top System profiling tool.
trace strace inspired tool
probe Define new dynamic tracepoints
See 'perf help COMMAND' for more information on a specific command.
References – https://perf.wiki.kernel.org/index.php/Tutorial
http://www.brendangregg.com/perf.html and http://www.brendangregg.com/linuxperf.html