As we seen in our last post, “What is Git ?” , git works for local as well as remote development. In this post, we will try to prepare local development machine with git, so that we can create our local git and start working on it.
Git can be installed on Ubuntu Linux using below command,
$ sudo apt-get update
$ sudo apt-get install git
The above command first updates your machine’s source repository and then goes on to install git using command “apt-get install git” .
Note, we have installed this on Ubuntu 21.10, but if you are installing git on older versions of Ubuntu, if above command didn’t worked, you can also try following command,
$ sudo apt-get install git-core
Once, the above installation is successful, it should add “git” command to your development machine, details of which can be checked as,
$ which git /usr/bin/git
$ git --help usage: git [--version] [--help] [-C <path>] [-c <name>=<value>] [--exec-path[=<path>]] [--html-path] [--man-path] [--info-path] [-p | --paginate | --no-pager] [--no-replace-objects] [--bare [--git-dir=<path>] [--work-tree=<path>] [--namespace=<name>] <command> [<args>] These are common Git commands used in various situations: start a working area (see also: git help tutorial) clone Clone a repository into a new directory init Create an empty Git repository or reinitialize an existing one work on the current change (see also: git help everyday) add Add file contents to the index mv Move or rename a file, a directory, or a symlink reset Reset current HEAD to the specified state rm Remove files from the working tree and from the index examine the history and state (see also: git help revisions) bisect Use binary search to find the commit that introduced a bug grep Print lines matching a pattern log Show commit logs show Show various types of objects status Show the working tree status grow, mark and tweak your common history branch List, create, or delete branches checkout Switch branches or restore working tree files commit Record changes to the repository diff Show changes between commits, commit and working tree, etc merge Join two or more development histories together rebase Reapply commits on top of another base tip tag Create, list, delete or verify a tag object signed with GPG collaborate (see also: git help workflows) fetch Download objects and refs from another repository pull Fetch from and integrate with another repository or a local branch push Update remote refs along with associated objects 'git help -a' and 'git help -g' list available subcommands and some concept guides. See 'git help <command>' or 'git help <concept>' to read about a specific subcommand or concept.