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How to get the MD5 sum of a file using C program ?

C program from this post is used to calculate the md5 sum of a file and print the md5sum of that file on terminal. ( Originaly copied from android toolbox)
compile on ubuntu

#include <errno.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <openssl/md5.h>

/* When this was written, bionic's md5.h did not define this. */
#define MD5_DIGEST_LENGTH 16

static int usage()
    fprintf(stderr,"md5 file ...\n");
    return -1;

static int do_md5(const char *path)
    unsigned int i;
    int fd;
    MD5_CTX md5_ctx;
    unsigned char md5[MD5_DIGEST_LENGTH];

    fd = open(path, O_RDONLY);
    if (fd < 0) {
        fprintf(stderr,"could not open %s, %s\n", path, strerror(errno));
        return -1;

    /* Note that bionic's MD5_* functions return void. */

    while (1) {
        char buf[4096];
        ssize_t rlen;
        rlen = read(fd, buf, sizeof(buf));
        if (rlen == 0)
        else if (rlen < 0) {
            fprintf(stderr,"could not read %s, %s\n", path, strerror(errno));
            return -1;
        MD5_Update(&md5_ctx, buf, rlen);
    if (close(fd)) {
        fprintf(stderr,"could not close %s, %s\n", path, strerror(errno));
        return -1;

    MD5_Final(md5, &md5_ctx);

    for (i = 0; i < (int)sizeof(md5); i++)
        printf("%02x", md5[i]);
    printf("  %s\n", path);

    return 0;

int main(int argc, char *argv[])
    int i, ret = 0;

    if (argc < 2)
        return usage();

    /* loop over the file args */
    for (i = 1; i < argc; i++) {
        if (do_md5(argv[i]))
            ret = 1;

    return ret;

Above program can be compiled as,

$ gcc -o print_file_md5 print_file_md5.c -Wall -lcrypto -lssl

Now run the program with name & path of file, so we can get md5sum on terminal.

$ ./print_file_md5.c filename

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